What Should Be The Ideal Weight?
Those who regularly monitor their health are well aware of the formula for an ideal body mass index. It is the quotient of weight divided by the square of height in meters. For example, for a man weighing 70 kg and a height of 1.75 cm, he is 22.8. Is it a lot or a little? Average body mass index figures range from 18 to 25. If this figure is in the range from 25 to 30, then this means that the person has a little overweight, which in itself does not pose a danger. If the result is higher than 30, then the doctor makes a diagnosis of “obesity” with all the ensuing consequences. However, if the result was a figure lower than 18, this means that the subject’s body weight is more economical than necessary, and it is required to find out the reason for this. It’s also worth noting that these calculations do not apply to children, pregnant women, and men who attend gym too often and have a large amount of muscle mass (especially if they are short in stature). Why weight gain or weight loss occurs
Why Weight Gain Or Weight Loss Occurs
First, consider a healthy person with an ideal body weight. During the day, he consumes a certain amount of food and is engaged in physical labor or other activity. As a result of the optimal ratio of these two factors, its weight remains stable: neither weight loss or weight gain occurs. If the scale of the scales outweighs in any direction, the person eats little and moves a lot, or vice versa eats a lot and walks little, the indicators on the scales change. However, this applies only to somatically healthy people who do not suffer from diseases. After all, the disease itself can lead to weight loss or additional weight gain. What conditions can lead to weight loss
There is the number of diseases that can cause drastic weight loss. Moreover, this symptom is always very wary of doctors, because for him there must still be a reason. Particularly close attention should be paid to those who lost more than 10% of their initial weight during the last year (and, sometimes, even a few months), without taking any action for this. A person who turns to the doctor with a complaint of a sharp weight loss is sent for a full examination, including blood and urine tests, various types of instrumental studies, since a sudden loss of kilograms may be the only visible symptom of quite serious diseases.
Weight Loss May Be The First Sign Of The Following Diseases:
Thyrotoxicosis. Increased production of hormones manifests this disease by the thyroid gland. Such a person usually causes concern to others: he quickly loses weight, is continuously “on board,” is distinguished by excessive nervousness and irritability, does not sleep well, complains of insomnia and palpitations. When these symptoms appear, you should consult an endocrinologist. Usually, this problem can be easily corrected.
Problems with the gastrointestinal tract. Especially often dramatic weight loss can be noted in people suffering from peptic ulcer and erosive gastritis or esophagitis, because the food causes them pain, and they try to avoid it in any way. Also, frequent attacks cause chronic stress, and fasting or night pain – insomnia. If you experience any pain associated with eating, you should consult an appointment with a gastroenterologist.
Type 1 diabetes. Most people believe that diabetes is a disease of obese people. This is only partly true, as it concerns type 2 diabetes. With type 1 disease, which develops in children and young people under the age of 30 years, a dramatic weight loss can be one of the first symptoms of the disease. This is because glucose stops getting from the blood into the tissues, and the body begins to use energy reserves from adipose tissue. In addition to weight loss, these patients are worried about thirst, dry mouth, excessive urination, weakness. People with the onset of type 1 diabetes need emergency medical care, preferably in a hospital setting.
Chronic infectious diseases (viral, bacterial, fungal, parasitic). Sharp weight loss can be a symptom of a severe inflammatory disease, of which there are countless. In the case of colonization of the intestine with helminths, the food is no longer absorbed, since the parasite eats it with pleasure. Viral diseases (hepatitis, HIV, herpes, and cytomegalovirus), as well as some bacterial infections (for example, tuberculosis), are particularly hard on metabolism. All of them are reflected in blood and urine tests, and treatment in each case is carried out individually.
Malignant Neoplasms. Each doctor has in his head the likelihood of oncology, as the causes of sudden weight loss. And the more the process is started, the more it affects the weight because the factor of the appearance of cancer intoxication works. Besides, the patient may have other nonspecific symptoms, such as prolonged little fever, weakness, loss of appetite, etc. The earlier this disease is detected, the higher the likelihood of a good prognosis.
Alcoholism and drug addiction. A person may conceal the fact that he has a habit, but sooner or later the body ceases to cope with its action. Alcoholic or toxic cirrhosis of the liver leads to a dramatic weight loss, however, along with them, patients may notice yellowing of the skin, eyes, and pruritus and spider veins.
There is still a huge list of diseases that can cause sudden weight loss: adrenal adenoma, Cohn’s disease or ulcerative colitis, depression and other mental disorders, severe toxemia in pregnancy, etc. Also, we must not forget that problems with the chewing apparatus (stomatitis, carious teeth, and chronic periodontitis) often cause patients to refuse food.
Drugs That Promote Dramatic Weight Loss
In addition to diseases, there are certain medications that a person can continuously take to treat a disease, and in this case, they turn out to be the cause of weight loss: Laxatives Diuretic, Psych stimulants Chemotherapy, Preparations for the treatment of certain diseases of the thyroid gland, etc