Sebaceous Glands On The Face: The Problem Of Hyperplasia
The sebaceous glands on the face one of the essential organs of external secretion, which affect the condition, the appearance of our skin, its youth. If these small secretory organs usually function, then we are not afraid of acne, inflammation, shine and other “charms” of problem skin. However, if we were struggling with the problems that are characteristic of oily or combination skin for most of our adult life, then closer to the age of 40 we can see on the face a number of enlarged sebaceous glands and small whitish depressed “pimples” in their place that appear in different parts of the face or even the body. It is tough not to get rid of this defect, but you should not give up!
Increased Sebaceous Glands On The Face: Hyperplasia
Hyperplasia of the sebaceous glands on the face is the “technical” scientific name of benign lesions on the skin (in translation, hyperplasia means “excessive formation,” “enlarged formation”). These specific formations on the skin are formed over time as a result of chronic dysfunction of the sebaceous glands: this problem goes hand in hand with defects such as enlarged pores and oily skin.
The hypersecretion of sebum leads to a blockage of the sebaceous glands, and the secret accumulates over time, and the glands themselves increase in size. At the same time, the sebaceous glands and nearby pores become clogged in a particular way, forming hard (less often soft) white or yellowish elevations on the skin with a “crater” in the center. The deepening in the center of these formations is the primary diagnostic criterion, thanks to which it can be clearly stated that you are dealing with hyperplasia of the sebaceous glands, and not with something else like millions or acne. Sometimes enlarged sebaceous glands can change color (blush with inflammation) or grow into vessels (at a more solid age with rosacea). You should also be aware that some manifestations of inflammation or hyperplasia of the sebaceous glands on the face may outwardly resemble a form of skin cancer known as basal cell carcinoma. To exclude an alarming diagnosis, a dermatologist can perform a biopsy — take a tiny scraping from the tumor and examine for atypical cells. Sometimes enlarged sebaceous glands can change color (blush with inflammation) or grow into vessels (at a more solid age with rosacea). You should also be aware that some manifestations of inflammation or hyperplasia of the sebaceous glands on the face may outwardly resemble a form of skin cancer known as basal cell carcinoma. To exclude an alarming diagnosis, a dermatologist can perform a biopsy — take a tiny scraping from the tumor and examine for atypical cells. Sometimes enlarged sebaceous glands can change color (blush with inflammation) or grow into vessels (at a more solid age with rosacea). You should also be aware that some manifestations of inflammation or hyperplasia of the sebaceous glands on the face may outwardly resemble a form of skin cancer known as basal cell carcinoma. To exclude an alarming diagnosis, a dermatologist can perform a biopsy — take a tiny scraping from the tumor and examine for atypical cells.
Although these formations are not as painful or inflamed as acne in acne, they are sufficiently stubborn: enlarged sebaceous glands in the academy do not go away, regardless of the meticulousness of skin care and the choice of cosmetics. These annoying bumps are not just clogged pores or miliaMost likely; we are talking about a more persistent problem, which in medicine is called “sebaceous gland hyperplasia.” In this condition, additional damage may be caused by another factor – sunlight. The fact is that ultraviolet provokes not only damage to the skin, but also the intensive production of sebum. As for dislocation, these neoplasms, associated with an increase in the sebaceous glands, are usually “scattered” all over the face and are rarely located close to each other, although this also happens. Hyperplasia of the sebaceous glands is most often seen on the forehead and in the central part of the face, but can also occur anywhere on the body, especially in areas where the sebaceous glands are located most.
Treatment Of Hyperplasia Of The Sebaceous Glands On The Face
Treatment of hyperplasia of the sebaceous glands should not begin independently, and this problem requires a visit to a dermatologist. Although, of course, there are tools that can be used at home to keep these unsightly formations under control and to keep the skin as smooth as possible. However, doctors have great potential and can offer you several options for the treatment of hyperplasia of the sebaceous glands on the face. The following types of therapy for sebaceous glands are available today (individually or in combination).
Peelings: As a rule, these are chemical mono- or combined peels, more
Often by salicylic or trichloroacetic acid.
Electric needle: this method, working on the same principle as electrolysis, leads to the fact that the blockage of the sebaceous gland is destroyed. After the procedure, a small scab forms at the site of the distant hyperplasia, which is soon naturally peeled off.
Photodynamic therapy is a technique that is based on using a laser beam to damage unwanted cells and formations. In this case, the skin is pre-treated with a special gel that reacts to light radiation. To completely get rid of hyperplasia of the sebaceous glands, it often takes several sessions of this procedure.
Liquid nitrogen – in this case, the removal of enlarged sebaceous glands on the face is quite a risky exercise. The fact is that if the reagent penetrates the skin too deeply, you can end up with a scar or post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation while controlling the “behavior” of liquid nitrogen is very difficult.
Retinoid-based prescription drugs for topical administration or atelic acid: this method of treating sebaceous glands on the face may reduce hyperplasia, but it will not solve the problem completely.
Surgical excision (excision) can also lead to scarring. Therefore it is considered an option for an extreme case.
Hormonal drugs (ant androgens) reduce the level of the hormone testosterone, which can be a crucial factor in the development of the problem of sebaceous gland hyperplasia (testosterone affects the activity of the sebaceous glands and can stimulate the growth of hyperaclasias). This method, like surgical excision, is the last resort, which is used only if safer treatments have not helped.
Before you consider and choose any of these options, you should know that, like acne, hyperplasia of the sebaceous glands on the face cannot be cured completely – this pathology can only be brought under control. Thus, enlarged sebaceous glands on the face may be reduced or removed, but their hyperactivity will remain at the same level. This will probably lead to the formation of new hyperplasia’s, especially in the absence of proper home care for the skin of the face. Thus, if you decide to remove hyperplasia in one of these ways, prepare to carefully and regularly take care of your look with the help of appropriate cosmetics.
Face Skin Care For Diseases Of The Sebaceous Glands
After treatment for hyperplasia of the sebaceous glands, select several vital products to prevent the formation of new “bumps” on the skin. Chief among them are the tools that perform the two main tasks in our case.
Normalize the activity of the sebaceous glands (seboregulation).
Provide proper cleansing of dead skin particles (exfoliation).
To do this, choose products with reasonably high concentrations of salicylic acid, as an option – fruit acids. Salicylic acid is considered more delicate, and besides, it reduces inflammation in the sebaceous glands on the face. The next group of products worthy of our attention is products containing retinol: studies have shown that they can be useful in reducing the number of enlarged sebaceous glands on the face, as well as their diameter. Retinoids in cosmetics help control the growth of skin cells that can clog pores, have anti-inflammatory effects, and regulate the production of sebum. Another ingredient that helps with diseases of the sebaceous glands is vitamin B3, or nicotinamide (niacinamide) or niacin. This component provides several advantages at once: reducing inflammation and reducing cell proliferation, which accompanies the development of sebaceous gland hyperplasia. A trio of these ingredients in a variety of products (serums, cleansing gels, creams) helps to significantly reduce the risk of recurrence of enlarged sebaceous glands on the face.
These were the best skin care products for hyperplasia of the sebaceous glands on the face. As for scrubs, gommazhy, then you should not rely on them especially: not a single mechanical defoliant in the world, regardless of composition or price, can eliminate either the inflammation of the sebaceous glands on the face or their hyperplasia. The fact is that the swelling in the sebaceous glands and their blockage “rooted” deep enough that the scrubs cannot reach the source of the problem. Moreover, if you try to diligently “scrape off” these formations on the skin, you can get additional inflammation, dryness, and irritation on the surface. However, regular and delicate exfoliation (1-2 times a week) of dead cells of the epidermis is essential – without this, care will be incomplete and ineffective. Remember: without a full cleansing inevitable blockage of the sebaceous glands on the face.